Civil engineering as a profession
Judgment distinguishes professionals from technical expert
The word engine comes from the same root Latin word as ingenious. The original meaning of the word engine was more like, “cunning, clever” or “the product of ingenuity.”
It’s no wonder the ancient inventors and problem-solvers that made a study of clever technique (literally, “technology”).
Originally, “engineering” was synonymous with military engineering — i.e., the design and construction of fortifications and the siege…